Abraham Lincoln statue and a W crest banner on Bascom Hill
Jeff Miller/University of Wisconsin-Madison


Recent findings: select publications

Armstrong, J.M., Ruttle, P.L., Klein, M.H., Essex, M.J., & Benca, R.M. (in press). Associations of child insomnia, sleep movement, and their persistence with mental health symptoms in childhood and adolescence. Sleep.

Herringa, R.J.,* Birn, R.M.,* Ruttle, P.L., Burghy, C.A., Stodola, D.E., Davidson, R.J., & Essex, M.J. (in press). Childhood maltreatment is associated with altered fear circuitry and increased internalizing symptoms by late adolescence. PNAS Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. *Equal contributions.

Ruttle, P.L., Shirtcliff, E.A., Armstrong, J.M., Klein, M.H., & Essex, M.J. (in press). Neuroendocrine coupling across adolescence and the longitudinal influence of early life stress. Developmental Psychobiology.

Slattery, M.J., Grieve, A.J., Ames, M.E., Armstrong, J.M., & Essex, M.J. (2013). Neurocognitive function and state cognitive stress appraisal predict cortisol reactivity to an acute psychosocial stressor in adolescents. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 38, 1318-1327.

Armstrong, J.M.*, Ruttle, P.L.*, Burk, L.R., Costanzo, P.R., Strauman, T.J., & Essex, M.J. (2013). Early risk factors for alcohol use across high school and its covariation with deviant friends. Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, 74, 746-756. *Equal contributions; listed alphabetically.

Ruttle, P.L., Javaras, K.N., Klein, M.H., Armstrong, J.M., Burk, L.R., & Essex, M.J. (2013). Concurrent and longitudinal associations between diurnal cortisol and body mass index across adolescence. Journal of Adolescent Health, 52, 731-737.

Essex, M.J., Boyce, W.T., Hertzman, C., Lam, L., Armstrong, J.M., Neumann, S.M.A., & Kobor, M.S. (2013). Epigenetic vestiges of early developmental adversity: Childhood stress exposure and DNA methylation in adolescence. Child Development, 84, 58-75.

Burghy, C.A., Stodola, D.E., Ruttle, P.L., Molloy, E.K., Armstrong, J.M., Oler, J.A., Fox, M.E., Hayes, A.S., Kalin, N.H., Essex, M.J., Davidson, R.J., & Birn, R.M. (2012). Developmental pathways to amygdala-prefrontal function and internalizing symptoms in adolescence. Nature Neuroscience, 15, 1736-1741.

Hilt, L.M., Armstrong, J.M., & Essex, M.J. (2012). Early family context and development of adolescent ruminative style: Moderation by temperament. Cognition and Emotion, 26, 916-926.

Shirtcliff, E.A., Allison, A.L., Armstrong, J.M., Slattery, M.J., Kalin, N.H., & Essex, M.J. (2012). Longitudinal stability and developmental properties of salivary cortisol levels and circadian rhythms from childhood to adolescence. Developmental Psychobiology, 54, 493-502.

Oler, J.A., Birn, R.M., Patriat, R., Fox, A.S., Shelton, S.E., Burghy, C.A., Stodola, D.E., Essex M.J., Davidson, R.J., & Kalin, N.H. (2012). Evidence for coordinated functional activity within the extended amygdala of non-human and human primates. NeuroImage, 61, 1059-1066.

Essex, M.J., Shirtcliff, E.A., Burk, L.R., Ruttle, P.L., Klein, M.H., Slattery, M.J., Kalin, N. H., & Armstrong, J.M. (2011). Influence of early life stress on later hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenal axis functioning and its covariation with mental health symptoms: A study of the allostatic process from childhood into adolescence. Development and Psychopathology, 23, 1039-1058.

Gagne, J.R., Van Hulle, C.A., Aksan, N., Essex, M.J., & Goldsmith, H.H. (2011). Deriving childhood temperament measures from emotion-eliciting behavioral episodes: Scale construction and initial validation. Psychological Assessment, 23, 337-353.

Slattery, M.J., & Essex, M.J. (2011). Specificity in the association of anxiety, depression, and atopic disorders in a community sample of adolescents. Journal of Psychiatric Research, 45, 788-795.

Burk, L.R., Armstrong, J.M., Goldsmith, H.H., Klein, M.H., Strauman, T.J., Costanzo, P., & Essex, M.J. (2011). Sex, temperament, and family context: How the interaction of early factors differentially predict adolescent alcohol use and are mediated by proximal adolescent factors. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 25, 1-15.

Burk, L.R., Armstrong, J.M., Park, J.H., Zahn-Waxler, C., Klein, M.H., & Essex, M.J. (2011). Stability of early identified aggressive victim status in elementary school and associations with later mental health problems and functional impairments. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 39, 225-238.

Essex, M.J., Armstrong, J.M., Burk, L.R., Goldsmith, H.H., & Boyce, W.T. (2011). Biological sensitivity to context moderates the effects of the early teacher-child relationship on the development of mental health by adolescence. Development and Psychopathology, 23, 149-161.

Ellis, B.J., Shirtcliff, E.A., Boyce, W.T., Deardorff, J., & Essex, M.J. (2011). Quality of early family relationships and the timing and tempo of puberty: Effects depend on biological sensitivity to context. Development and Psychopathology, 23, 85-99.

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Earlier findings: select publications

Silver, R.B., Measelle, J.R., Armstrong, J.M., & Essex, M.J. (2010). The impact of parents, child care providers, teachers, and peers on early externalizing trajectories. Journal of School Psychology, 48, 555-583.

Monk, T.H., Burk, L.R., Klein, M.H., Kupfer, D.J., Soehner, A.M., & Essex, M.J. (2010). Behavioral circadian regularity at age 1-month predicts anxiety levels during school-age years. Psychiatry Research, 178, 370-373.

Essex, M.J., Klein, M.H., Slattery, M.J., Goldsmith, H.H., & Kalin, N.H. (2010). Early risk factors and developmental pathways to chronic high inhibition and social anxiety disorder in adolescence. American Journal of Psychiatry, 167, 40-46.

Essex, M.J., Kraemer, H.C., Slattery, M.J., Burk, L.R., Boyce, W.T., Woodward, H.R., & Kupfer, D.J. (2009). Screening for childhood mental health problems: Outcomes and early identification. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 50, 562-570.

Luby, J.L., Essex, M.J., Armstrong, J.M., Klein, M.H., Zahn-Waxler, C., Sullivan, J., & Goldsmith, H.H. (2009). Gender differences in emotional reactivity of depressed and at risk preschoolers: Implications for gender specific manifestations of preschool depression. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 38, 525-537.

Shirtcliff, E., & Essex, M.J. (2008). Concurrent and longitudinal associations of basal and diurnal cortisol with mental health symptoms in early adolescence. Developmental Psychobiology, 50, 690-703.

Burk, L.R., Park, J.H., Armstrong, J.M., Klein, M.H., Goldsmith, H.H., Zahn-Waxler, C., & Essex, M.J. (2008). Identification of early child and family risk factors for aggressive victim status in first grade. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 36, 513-526.

Kraemer, H.C., Kiernan, M., Essex, M.J., & Kupfer, D.J. (2008). How and why criteria defining moderators and mediators differ between the Baron & Kenny and MacArthur approaches. Health Psychology, 27(2, Suppl.), S101-S108.

Lemery-Chalfant, K., Schreiber, J.E., Schmidt, N.L., Van Hulle, C.A., Essex, M.J., & Goldsmith, H.H. (2007). Assessing internalizing, externalizing, and attention problems in young children: Validation of the MacArthur HBQ. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 46, 1315-1323.

Ellis, B.J., & Essex, M.J. (2007). Family environments, adrenarche, and sexual maturation: A longitudinal test of a life history model. Child Development, 78, 1799-1817.

Boyce, W.T., Essex, M.J., Alkon, A., Goldsmith, H.H., Kraemer, H.C., & Kupfer, D.J. (2006). Early father involvement moderates biobehavioral susceptibility to mental health problems in middle childhood. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 45, 1510-1520.

Essex, M.J., Kraemer, H.C., Armstrong, J.M., Boyce, W.T., Goldsmith, H.H., Klein, M.H., Woodward, H., & Kupfer, D.J. (2006). Exploring risk factors for the emergence of children's mental health problems. Archives of General Psychiatry, 63, 1246-1256.

Manian, N., Papadakis, A.A., Strauman, T.J., & Essex, M.J. (2006). The development of children's ideal and ought self-guides: Parenting, temperament, and individual differences in guide strength. Journal of Personality, 74, 1-27.

Schreiber, J.E., Shirtcliff, E., Van Hulle, C., Lemery-Chalfant, K., Klein, M.H., Kalin, N.H., Essex, M.J., & Goldsmith, H.H. (2006). Environmental influences on family similarity in afternoon cortisol levels: Twin and parent-offspring designs. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 31, 1131-1137.

Ellis, B.J., Essex, M.J., & Boyce, W.T. (2005). Biological sensitivity to context: II. Empirical explorations of an evolutionary-developmental theory. Development and Psychopathology, 17, 303-328.

Park, J. H., Essex, M. J., Zahn-Waxler, C., Armstrong, J. M., Klein, M. H., & Goldsmith, H. H. (2005). Relational and overt aggression in middle childhood: Early child and family risk factors. Early Education and Development, 16, 233-257.

Silver, R. B., Measelle, J. R., Armstrong, J. M., & Essex, M. J. (2005). Trajectories of classroom externalizing behavior: Contributions of child characteristics, family characteristics, and the teacher-child relationship during the school transition. Journal of School Psychology, 43, 39-60.

Essex, M.J., Klein, M.H., Cho, E., & Kraemer, H.C. (2003). Exposure to maternal depression and marital conflict: Gender differences in children's later mental health symptoms. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 42, 728-737.

Alkon, A., Goldstein, L.H., Smider, N., Essex, M.J., Kupfer, D.J., & Boyce, W.T. (2003). Developmental and contextual influences on autonomic reactivity in young children. Developmental Psychobiology, 42, 64-78.

Essex, M.J., Goldsmith, H.H., Smider, N.A., Dolski, I., Sutton, S.K., & Davidson, R.J. (2003). Comparison of video- and EMG-based evaluations of the magnitude of children's emotion-modulated startle response. Behavior Research Methods, Instruments, and Computers, 35, 590-598.

Kraemer, H.C., Measelle, J.R., Ablow, J.C., Essex, M.J., Boyce, W.T., & Kupfer, D.J. (2003). A new approach to integrating data from multiple informants in psychiatric assessment and research: Mixing and matching contexts and perspectives. American Journal of Psychiatry, 160, 1566-1577.

Essex, M.J., Klein, M.H., Cho, E., & Kalin, N.H. (2002). Maternal stress beginning in infancy may sensitize children to later stress exposure: Effects on cortisol and behavior. Biological Psychiatry, 52, 776-784.

Smider, N.A., Essex, M.J., Kalin, N.H., Buss, K.A., Klein, M.H., Davidson, R.J., & Goldsmith, H.H. (2002). Salivary cortisol as a predictor of socioemotional adjustment during kindergarten: A prospective study. Child Development, 73, 75-92.

Boyce, W.T., Essex, M.J., Woodward, H.R., Measelle, J.R., Ablow, J.C., & Kupfer, D.J. (2002). The confluence of mental, physical, social, and academic difficulties in middle childhood. I: Exploring the 'headwaters' of early life morbidities. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 41, 580-587.

Essex, M.J., Boyce, W.T., Goldstein, L.H., Armstrong, J.M., Kraemer, H.C., & Kupfer, D.J. (2002). The confluence of mental, physical, social, and academic difficulties in middle childhood. II: Developing the MacArthur Health and Behavior Questionnaire. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 41, 588-603.

Luby, J.L., Heffelfinger, A., Measelle, J.R., Ablow, J.C., Essex, M.J., Dierker, L., Harrington, R., Kraemer, H.C., & Kupfer, D.J. (2002). Differential performance of the MacArthur HBQ and DISC-IV in identifying DSM-IV internalizing psychopathology in young children. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 41, 458-466.

Boyce, W.T., Quas, J., Alkon, A., Smider, N.A., Essex, M.J., & Kupfer, D.J. (2001). Autonomic reactivity and psychopathology in middle childhood. British Journal of Psychiatry, 179, 144-150.

Essex, M.J., Klein, M.H., Miech, R., & Smider, N.A. (2001). Timing of initial exposure to maternal major depression and children's mental health symptoms in kindergarten. British Journal of Psychiatry, 179, 151-156.

Miech, R., Essex, M.J., & Goldsmith, H.H. (2001). Socioeconomic status and the adjustment to school: The role of self-regulation during early childhood. Sociology of Education, 74, 102-120.

Ablow, J.C., Measelle, J.R., Kraemer, H.C., Harrington, R., Luby, J., Smider, N., Dierker, L., Clark, V., Dubika, B., Heffelfinger, A., Essex, M.J., & Kupfer, D.J. (1999). The MacArthur Three-City Outcome Study: Evaluating multi-informant measures of young children's symptomatology. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 38, 1580-1590.

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