Abraham Lincoln statue and a W crest banner on Bascom Hill
Jeff Miller/University of Wisconsin-Madison


Recent findings: select publications

Ruttle, P.L., Shirtcliff, E.A., Armstrong, J.M., Klein, M.H., & Essex, M.J. (in press). Neuroendocrine coupling across adolescence and the longitudinal influence of early life stress. Developmental Psychobiology.

Ruttle, P.L., Armstrong, J.M., Klein, M.H., & Essex, M.J. (2014). Adolescent internalizing symptoms and negative life events: The sensitizing effects of earlier life stress and cortisol. Development and Psychopathology, 26, 1411-1422.

Quas, J.A., Yim, I.S., Oberlander, T.F., Nordstokke, D., Essex, M.J., Armstrong, J.M., Bush, N., Obradović, J., & Boyce, W.T. (2014). The symphonic structure of childhood stress reactivity: Patterns of sympathetic, parasympathetic, and adrenocortical responses to psychological challenge. Development and Psychopathology, 26, 963-982.

Ruttle, P.L., Klein, M.H., Slattery, M.J., Kalin, N.H., Armstrong, J.M., & Essex, M.J. (2014). Adolescent adrenocortical activity and adiposity: Differences by sex and exposure to early maternal depression. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 47, 68-77.

Armstrong, J.M., Ruttle, P.L., Klein, M.H., Essex, M.J., & Benca, R.M. (2014). Associations of child insomnia, sleep movement, and their persistence with mental health symptoms in childhood and adolescence. Sleep, 37, 901-909.

Herringa, R.J.,* Birn, R.M.,* Ruttle, P.L., Burghy, C.A., Stodola, D.E., Davidson, R.J., & Essex, M.J. (2013). Childhood maltreatment is associated with altered fear circuitry and increased internalizing symptoms by late adolescence. PNAS Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 110, 1911919124. *Equal contributions.

Slattery, M.J., Grieve, A.J., Ames, M.E., Armstrong, J.M., & Essex, M.J. (2013). Neurocognitive function and state cognitive stress appraisal predict cortisol reactivity to an acute psychosocial stressor in adolescents. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 38, 1318-1327.

Armstrong, J.M.*, Ruttle, P.L.*, Burk, L.R., Costanzo, P.R., Strauman, T.J., & Essex, M.J. (2013). Early risk factors for alcohol use across high school and its covariation with deviant friends. Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, 74, 746-756. *Equal contributions; listed alphabetically.

Ruttle, P.L., Javaras, K.N., Klein, M.H., Armstrong, J.M., Burk, L.R., & Essex, M.J. (2013). Concurrent and longitudinal associations between diurnal cortisol and body mass index across adolescence. Journal of Adolescent Health, 52, 731-737.

Essex, M.J., Boyce, W.T., Hertzman, C., Lam, L., Armstrong, J.M., Neumann, S.M.A., & Kobor, M.S. (2013). Epigenetic vestiges of early developmental adversity: Childhood stress exposure and DNA methylation in adolescence. Child Development, 84, 58-75.

Burghy, C.A., Stodola, D.E., Ruttle, P.L., Molloy, E.K., Armstrong, J.M., Oler, J.A., Fox, M.E., Hayes, A.S., Kalin, N.H., Essex, M.J., Davidson, R.J., & Birn, R.M. (2012). Developmental pathways to amygdala-prefrontal function and internalizing symptoms in adolescence. Nature Neuroscience, 15, 1736-1741.

Hilt, L.M., Armstrong, J.M., & Essex, M.J. (2012). Early family context and development of adolescent ruminative style: Moderation by temperament. Cognition and Emotion, 26, 916-926.

Shirtcliff, E.A., Allison, A.L., Armstrong, J.M., Slattery, M.J., Kalin, N.H., & Essex, M.J. (2012). Longitudinal stability and developmental properties of salivary cortisol levels and circadian rhythms from childhood to adolescence. Developmental Psychobiology, 54, 493-502.

Oler, J.A., Birn, R.M., Patriat, R., Fox, A.S., Shelton, S.E., Burghy, C.A., Stodola, D.E., Essex M.J., Davidson, R.J., & Kalin, N.H. (2012). Evidence for coordinated functional activity within the extended amygdala of non-human and human primates. NeuroImage, 61, 1059-1066.

Essex, M.J., Shirtcliff, E.A., Burk, L.R., Ruttle, P.L., Klein, M.H., Slattery, M.J., Kalin, N. H., & Armstrong, J.M. (2011). Influence of early life stress on later hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenal axis functioning and its covariation with mental health symptoms: A study of the allostatic process from childhood into adolescence. Development and Psychopathology, 23, 1039-1058.

Gagne, J.R., Van Hulle, C.A., Aksan, N., Essex, M.J., & Goldsmith, H.H. (2011). Deriving childhood temperament measures from emotion-eliciting behavioral episodes: Scale construction and initial validation. Psychological Assessment, 23, 337-353.

Slattery, M.J., & Essex, M.J. (2011). Specificity in the association of anxiety, depression, and atopic disorders in a community sample of adolescents. Journal of Psychiatric Research, 45, 788-795.

Burk, L.R., Armstrong, J.M., Goldsmith, H.H., Klein, M.H., Strauman, T.J., Costanzo, P., & Essex, M.J. (2011). Sex, temperament, and family context: How the interaction of early factors differentially predict adolescent alcohol use and are mediated by proximal adolescent factors. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 25, 1-15.

Burk, L.R., Armstrong, J.M., Park, J.H., Zahn-Waxler, C., Klein, M.H., & Essex, M.J. (2011). Stability of early identified aggressive victim status in elementary school and associations with later mental health problems and functional impairments. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 39, 225-238.

Essex, M.J., Armstrong, J.M., Burk, L.R., Goldsmith, H.H., & Boyce, W.T. (2011). Biological sensitivity to context moderates the effects of the early teacher-child relationship on the development of mental health by adolescence. Development and Psychopathology, 23, 149-161.

Ellis, B.J., Shirtcliff, E.A., Boyce, W.T., Deardorff, J., & Essex, M.J. (2011). Quality of early family relationships and the timing and tempo of puberty: Effects depend on biological sensitivity to context. Development and Psychopathology, 23, 85-99.

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Earlier findings: select publications

Silver, R.B., Measelle, J.R., Armstrong, J.M., & Essex, M.J. (2010). The impact of parents, child care providers, teachers, and peers on early externalizing trajectories. Journal of School Psychology, 48, 555-583.

Monk, T.H., Burk, L.R., Klein, M.H., Kupfer, D.J., Soehner, A.M., & Essex, M.J. (2010). Behavioral circadian regularity at age 1-month predicts anxiety levels during school-age years. Psychiatry Research, 178, 370-373.

Essex, M.J., Klein, M.H., Slattery, M.J., Goldsmith, H.H., & Kalin, N.H. (2010). Early risk factors and developmental pathways to chronic high inhibition and social anxiety disorder in adolescence. American Journal of Psychiatry, 167, 40-46.

Essex, M.J., Kraemer, H.C., Slattery, M.J., Burk, L.R., Boyce, W.T., Woodward, H.R., & Kupfer, D.J. (2009). Screening for childhood mental health problems: Outcomes and early identification. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 50, 562-570.

Luby, J.L., Essex, M.J., Armstrong, J.M., Klein, M.H., Zahn-Waxler, C., Sullivan, J., & Goldsmith, H.H. (2009). Gender differences in emotional reactivity of depressed and at risk preschoolers: Implications for gender specific manifestations of preschool depression. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 38, 525-537.

Shirtcliff, E., & Essex, M.J. (2008). Concurrent and longitudinal associations of basal and diurnal cortisol with mental health symptoms in early adolescence. Developmental Psychobiology, 50, 690-703.

Burk, L.R., Park, J.H., Armstrong, J.M., Klein, M.H., Goldsmith, H.H., Zahn-Waxler, C., & Essex, M.J. (2008). Identification of early child and family risk factors for aggressive victim status in first grade. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 36, 513-526.

Kraemer, H.C., Kiernan, M., Essex, M.J., & Kupfer, D.J. (2008). How and why criteria defining moderators and mediators differ between the Baron & Kenny and MacArthur approaches. Health Psychology, 27(2, Suppl.), S101-S108.

Lemery-Chalfant, K., Schreiber, J.E., Schmidt, N.L., Van Hulle, C.A., Essex, M.J., & Goldsmith, H.H. (2007). Assessing internalizing, externalizing, and attention problems in young children: Validation of the MacArthur HBQ. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 46, 1315-1323.

Ellis, B.J., & Essex, M.J. (2007). Family environments, adrenarche, and sexual maturation: A longitudinal test of a life history model. Child Development, 78, 1799-1817.

Boyce, W.T., Essex, M.J., Alkon, A., Goldsmith, H.H., Kraemer, H.C., & Kupfer, D.J. (2006). Early father involvement moderates biobehavioral susceptibility to mental health problems in middle childhood. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 45, 1510-1520.

Essex, M.J., Kraemer, H.C., Armstrong, J.M., Boyce, W.T., Goldsmith, H.H., Klein, M.H., Woodward, H., & Kupfer, D.J. (2006). Exploring risk factors for the emergence of children's mental health problems. Archives of General Psychiatry, 63, 1246-1256.

Manian, N., Papadakis, A.A., Strauman, T.J., & Essex, M.J. (2006). The development of children's ideal and ought self-guides: Parenting, temperament, and individual differences in guide strength. Journal of Personality, 74, 1-27.

Schreiber, J.E., Shirtcliff, E., Van Hulle, C., Lemery-Chalfant, K., Klein, M.H., Kalin, N.H., Essex, M.J., & Goldsmith, H.H. (2006). Environmental influences on family similarity in afternoon cortisol levels: Twin and parent-offspring designs. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 31, 1131-1137.

Ellis, B.J., Essex, M.J., & Boyce, W.T. (2005). Biological sensitivity to context: II. Empirical explorations of an evolutionary-developmental theory. Development and Psychopathology, 17, 303-328.

Park, J. H., Essex, M. J., Zahn-Waxler, C., Armstrong, J. M., Klein, M. H., & Goldsmith, H. H. (2005). Relational and overt aggression in middle childhood: Early child and family risk factors. Early Education and Development, 16, 233-257.

Silver, R. B., Measelle, J. R., Armstrong, J. M., & Essex, M. J. (2005). Trajectories of classroom externalizing behavior: Contributions of child characteristics, family characteristics, and the teacher-child relationship during the school transition. Journal of School Psychology, 43, 39-60.

Essex, M.J., Klein, M.H., Cho, E., & Kraemer, H.C. (2003). Exposure to maternal depression and marital conflict: Gender differences in children's later mental health symptoms. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 42, 728-737.

Alkon, A., Goldstein, L.H., Smider, N., Essex, M.J., Kupfer, D.J., & Boyce, W.T. (2003). Developmental and contextual influences on autonomic reactivity in young children. Developmental Psychobiology, 42, 64-78.

Essex, M.J., Goldsmith, H.H., Smider, N.A., Dolski, I., Sutton, S.K., & Davidson, R.J. (2003). Comparison of video- and EMG-based evaluations of the magnitude of children's emotion-modulated startle response. Behavior Research Methods, Instruments, and Computers, 35, 590-598.

Kraemer, H.C., Measelle, J.R., Ablow, J.C., Essex, M.J., Boyce, W.T., & Kupfer, D.J. (2003). A new approach to integrating data from multiple informants in psychiatric assessment and research: Mixing and matching contexts and perspectives. American Journal of Psychiatry, 160, 1566-1577.

Essex, M.J., Klein, M.H., Cho, E., & Kalin, N.H. (2002). Maternal stress beginning in infancy may sensitize children to later stress exposure: Effects on cortisol and behavior. Biological Psychiatry, 52, 776-784.

Smider, N.A., Essex, M.J., Kalin, N.H., Buss, K.A., Klein, M.H., Davidson, R.J., & Goldsmith, H.H. (2002). Salivary cortisol as a predictor of socioemotional adjustment during kindergarten: A prospective study. Child Development, 73, 75-92.

Boyce, W.T., Essex, M.J., Woodward, H.R., Measelle, J.R., Ablow, J.C., & Kupfer, D.J. (2002). The confluence of mental, physical, social, and academic difficulties in middle childhood. I: Exploring the 'headwaters' of early life morbidities. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 41, 580-587.

Essex, M.J., Boyce, W.T., Goldstein, L.H., Armstrong, J.M., Kraemer, H.C., & Kupfer, D.J. (2002). The confluence of mental, physical, social, and academic difficulties in middle childhood. II: Developing the MacArthur Health and Behavior Questionnaire. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 41, 588-603.

Luby, J.L., Heffelfinger, A., Measelle, J.R., Ablow, J.C., Essex, M.J., Dierker, L., Harrington, R., Kraemer, H.C., & Kupfer, D.J. (2002). Differential performance of the MacArthur HBQ and DISC-IV in identifying DSM-IV internalizing psychopathology in young children. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 41, 458-466.

Boyce, W.T., Quas, J., Alkon, A., Smider, N.A., Essex, M.J., & Kupfer, D.J. (2001). Autonomic reactivity and psychopathology in middle childhood. British Journal of Psychiatry, 179, 144-150.

Essex, M.J., Klein, M.H., Miech, R., & Smider, N.A. (2001). Timing of initial exposure to maternal major depression and children's mental health symptoms in kindergarten. British Journal of Psychiatry, 179, 151-156.

Miech, R., Essex, M.J., & Goldsmith, H.H. (2001). Socioeconomic status and the adjustment to school: The role of self-regulation during early childhood. Sociology of Education, 74, 102-120.

Ablow, J.C., Measelle, J.R., Kraemer, H.C., Harrington, R., Luby, J., Smider, N., Dierker, L., Clark, V., Dubika, B., Heffelfinger, A., Essex, M.J., & Kupfer, D.J. (1999). The MacArthur Three-City Outcome Study: Evaluating multi-informant measures of young children's symptomatology. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 38, 1580-1590.

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